* This was posted at Denver Parent on March 18, 2011 as Part I of the series: Saving for your Child’s Education and is reposted below for you to read
Today, Part II was posted at Denverparent.com. Please read Part II after you read Part I in the series. Leave me a comment here or there and ask your toughest questions or offer your comments on what your experiences are. We want to hear from you! ***
IT’S YOUR MONEY!
Quarterly financial tips- from one parent to another
Saving for your Child’s Education- Part I
As a parent we have so much to do – it’s a day to day, often, hour to hour survival. Amidst doing chores, picking up kids, dropping off, cooking, cleaning, homework, and if you have babies, changing diapers, we have to find time to figure out this whole money thing. That’s right, money matters do not end just because you got that fat refund from the IRS in April. It is an ongoing process. If only I had a crystal ball to figure out if my 2 year old will go to college and grad school, and whether she will get scholarship. Unfortunately we won’t know that now nor will we know how we are doing job and economy-wise so it is good to plan for your and their future. This series of It’s Your Money! focuses on saving for your child’s education. In Part II, I will discuss the two most widely used vehicles for college and educational savings- 529s and Coverdell ESAs, and in Part III, I will address Custodial Accounts.
If you went college, you probably remember it well but perhaps forgot the costs unless you are still paying the loans. In-state public tuition may have averaged $5000 per year (just tuition, not any other costs). But, today, the cost of an identical college education is double, even triple that, and again, that does not take into account room and board, books, fees, insurance, or other expenses. The average in-state tuition for a public college is $10,000(1). A CNBC news report by Scott Cohn in December of 2010 sums it up the best: “The cost of a college education is rising faster than the cost of medical care and as much as three times as fast as consumer prices in general. But that’s just the beginning of the price of admission.” (2) Statistics from this report and other reports like it indicate that almost two-thirds of graduates leave with a sizeable debt when they graduate. “America’s student debt at the end of 2010 is nearly $880 billion.” The article addresses some of the pitfalls of student loans as well – there is no walking away per se and unlike a home mortgage in which you would lose your home and property, in a student loan default situation, the harm could be for a lifetime- it could follow you or your child for a long time to come, and interest on the unpaid amount compounds daily.
This makes savings for college a must! In order to prevent a situation where you have to take a loan or second mortgage upwards of $80,000 for a private or even state-funded school, it is important to start saving for your child’s education from day 1- the day you get that social security card and it goes beyond a simple passbook savings account. There are better savings options available and putting in as little as $1000 a year can get your little one a sizeable nest egg that he or she can use for college tuition, books, living expenses, and more (depending on the vehicle you use to save). It all starts with you and starts by knowing the tools at your disposal. If you are working parents, there are also ways through your employer to put money in a dependent care spending account (max. per year is $5000 per family) and get pre-tax benefits on daycare and preschool expenses as well. If you plan to send your child to public school, you should be aware that even the cost of public school is no longer “free” like it used to be. There are often fees, and cost associated with a public education these days as well and with the recent cuts announced by almost every school district including here in Colorado, you definitely need to start saving early.
Stay tuned for the next two articles to see what vehicles for educational savings are available but before you save for any of the plans or methods I will discuss, it is important to also know your goals and estimate how much money you think your child will need when they will enter college (depends on the age of the child too). When you estimate the costs, do not forget about the possibility of grants, merit scholarships, sports scholarships, and other programs that may be at play which could reduce that estimate. When In doubt, plan for the higher estimated amount.
(1) Financing Your child’s Education, Deborah Fowles, About.com, referenced at: http://financialplan.about.com/cs/college/a/FinanceCollege.htm
(2) Student Loans Leave Crushing Debt Burden, Scott Cohn, MSNBC.COM, referenced at: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/40772705/ns/business-cnbc_tv/#
*** Disclaimer: I am not a financial or tax advisor so please seek proper advice before proceeding with your investment or financial goals.